Nepal's climate varies with its topography and altitude, ranging from the tropical to the arctic. The low-land Terai region in the tropical southern part of the country has a hot and humid climate that can rise above 45 Degree Celsius (113 Degree Fahrenheit) during summer. The mid-land regions are pleasant almost all the year round, although the winter nights are chilling. The northern mountain region has an alpine climate with considerably lower temperature in winter, especially, at altitudes above 3000m.
Trekking in Nepal can be undertaken throughout the year that comprises of four distinct seasons each with different attractions to offer:
Spring Season (Mid Feb – Mid June)
Springtime temperature is mildly warm in the lowlands and moderate at higher altitudes, with plenty of opportunities for clear mountain views. It is also the time for flowers to blossom, and the national flower of Nepal – rhododendron - splashes the mountainsides with its colorful beauty throughout the spring. This is also the time of local festivals in Kathmandu Valley. The Local people, who are farmers by profession, welcome spring season with great fervor. The indigenous Newar communities go colorful in festive mood. The spring festival begins with HOLI (the festival of color) followed by numerous local festivals.
Monsoon Season (Late June to Mid Sep)
This is also the monsoon season in Nepal. The weather is hot and wet at times. It rains almost every day with occasional thunderstorms in the evening, though mornings are often clear and you can expect beautiful sunrises. This is the favorite season to trek in the arid rain shadow areas like Upper Mustang, Dolpo and Kailash. This season is also recommended for forest researchers and botanists. The advantage of trekking in the summer months is less crowded trails and the less cold in the high mountains.
Autumn Season (Mid Sep_ Mid Dec)
This is the best trekking season in Nepal. The weather is very pleasant and clear so the mountain views are the best. This is the peak season for trekking as mountain views are guaranteed so it is wise to book your flights well in advance. This is also the season of festivals as Nepal celebrates the biggest Hindu festivals – Dashain (the National Festival) followed by Tihar (the festival of lights).
Winter (Mid Dec to Mid Feb)
This is a great season for those who do not mind cold weather in the Himalayas. During this season mountain peaks are more visible and the days are longer in the Himalayas being sunny almost every morning to late afternoon. We provide you with warm down jackets and the sleeping bag to keep you warm enough in the night. Most of the lodges are open this time too which offers you heated dining hall till late. Occasional snow can sometime prevent us to go further. Mid December to end of January is the best time to trek during the winter.
Temperature and Rainfall
Nepal is the country of extremes. The low-land plains of the Terai can have tropical temperatures and also mosquitoes, particularly in the summer months. The Himalayas can get to sub-zero temperatures, but the sun can bring some warmth during the day, even in the mountains. The temperature of Kathmandu goes below 1 Degree Celsius (34 Degree Fahrenheit) in winter and rises to an average of 25 Degree Celsius (77 Degree Fahrenheit) in summer.
The average temperature in Kathmandu during the four seasons:
* Spring season: 16-23 Degree Celsius (61-73 Degree Fahrenheit)
During the rainy monsoon season between June to August, it rains to an average between 200-375 millimeters in Kathmandu. There is occasional rainfall during the other seasons too. In an average, 1300 millimeters of rain falls in Kathmandu every year.
As most trekking routes in Nepal takes you above 3,000 meters, the schedules must be carefully designed to minimize the effects of Altitude. We ascend slowly, for safe acclimatization. Headaches and breathlessness (The first symptoms of Mountain Sickness) are common at altitude and are, in themselves, nothing to worry about. In rare cases, this may develop into Acute Mountain Sickness(AMS),so the Guide keeps a close watch on everybody, as he/she is trained to recognize the symptoms .If anyone shows signs of severe headaches, nausea, lethargy or in extreme cases, ataxia (loss of co-ordination) and serious breathlessness at rest, they will be evacuated to a lower altitude immediately. The Guide’s decision to descent is final. The worst effect of altitude is worrying about Altitude! As long as you maintain your body fluids with at least 3-4 liters per day, ascend according to the itinerary, and are adequately fit, you will most likely to have no problems apart from the normal breathlessness on hills. Please inform your guide if you have any symptoms and/or if you are taking medication. Your Group Leader/guide can give you more advice, or you can consult the Himalayan Rescue Association in Kathmandu or any trekking book on our Reading List.
Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS)
Many people are concerned about altitude sickness. This problem, often known as acute mountain sickness (AMS), is a particularly important medical consideration while trekking in Nepal and Tibet. AMS rarely occurs lower than 2800 meters (9520ft) and only minor symptoms occur below 3000 meters (9,800ft). AMS occurs when the body does not adapt well to the lack of oxygen present at higher altitudes. At 5490 meters (18,000ft), there is just half the oxygen available as there is at sea level, while there is only a third available at the summit of Mount Everest. The itineraries of the treks of Nepal Trek Ways are designed to reduce the risk of altitude sickness as much as possible, although individual susceptibility to altitude sickness seems to be genetically determined.
Related Oxygen Rate at Different Altitude:
In Meters In Feet
8.850 29.035 33%
8.000 26.247 36%
7.000 22.966 41%
6.000 19.865 47%
5.500 18.045 50%
5.200 17.061 52%
5.000 16.404 53%
4.500 14.764 57%
4.000 13.123 60%
3.500 11.483 64%
3.000 9.843 68%
2.500 8.202 73%
1.000 3.281 88%
Sea Level 100%
What happens to the body during altitude illness?
* The body tries to adapt to having less available oxygen by increasing the rate and depth of breathing, as well as the heart rate.
* Fluids accumulate in between the cells in the brain, the lungs or both, creating mild to severe symptoms.
* Mild symptoms include headache, loss of appetite, nausea, fatigue, insomnia and dizziness. These symptoms are usually resolved by spending one or two extra nights at the same altitude. If symptoms worsen, descent to lower altitudes is warranted.
* If you are resting at the same altitude and your symptoms worsen, then it is also necessary to descend.
* More serious symptoms of AMS include increased tiredness, severe headaches, vomiting, loss of coordination, shortness of breath and coughing fits.
* These extremely dangerous symptoms are called high altitude cerebral edema (or HACE). They can lead to unconsciousness and death within 12 hours.
* Increasing shortness of breath, cough and tiredness may also be signs of high altitude pulmonary edema or HAPE. This condition can rapidly prove to be fatal if ignored.
* Respiratory depression (the slowing down of breathing) can be caused by various substances, and may be a problem at altitude.
The following substances can do this, and should never be used by someone who has symptoms of altitude illness:
* Sleeping pills (acetazolamide is the sleeping tablet of choice at altitude)
* Narcotic pain medications in more than modest doses
To prevent AMS and respiratory depression, drink at least three liters of liquid a day and avoid getting cold.
Altitude sickness can to a certain extent be prevented by acetazolamide (Diamox SR), 750mg per day. Some experts suggest a two-day trial of acetazolamide before the trip. Please seek the advice of your personal physician. Please note that taking Diamox SR does not mean that you can ignore advice about proper acclimatization.
To recap, serious symptoms of altitude sickness include:
* A severe, enduring headache, which is not cured by ordinary painkillers
* Nausea and repeated vomiting
* Irritating dizziness or actual difficulty with balance and direction
* Visual disturbances with flickering vision and problems judging distance
* Pressure in the chest, rapid breathing and pulse rate, crackles in breathing and shortness of breath
* Swelling beneath the skin (edema), typically around the eyes
* Swollen ankles and hands
In the presence of these symptoms, medical attention must be sought immediately in conjunction with descent to the lowest possible height.
We have guides trained at the High Altitude Medical Training Center. Our staff is very experienced in dealing with the effects of higher altitudes. As they are natives of Nepal, they easily acclimatize and therefore can care for their clients.
They are equipped with necessary medical supplies and will assist with basic first aid treatment. We design our tours to ensure clients are ready for high altitude, and arrange alternative itineraries for those at risk.
For more information, please contact your doctor or hospital or contact us arrange High Altitude expert Doctors or visit their clinic in Kathmandu.
The complications of Mountain Sickness are preventable if people listen to their bodies and follow simple guidelines:
• Pay attention to your body and be aware of the initial AMS symptoms of AMS. Do not ascend with these symptoms.
• Ascend slowly. Increase your sleeping altitude by only 1000-1500 feet per day. Try climbing higher during the day and coming down to sleep. (Climb high, sleep low)
• Descend if the symptoms become severe or if you begin to experience HACE and/or HAPE.
• Drink 2 liters (2 regular size Nalgene bottles) of water per day, in addition to the usual tea and other beverages.
• Dress properly for high altitude treks, with synthetic under shirts for removing sweat, a warm fleece jacket, and a down jacket to prevent hypothermia, which can predispose you to AMS and its complications.
Nepal Trek Ways encourages all trekkers to procure emergency evacuation insurance prior to their trip to Nepal.
What is Altitude?
Altitude is height above mean sea level. If the sea level in a certain place is 100 feet and you are 250 feet above the ground, your altitude above sea level would be 350 feet, and your altitude above ground level would be 250 feet. We all enjoy the tremendous view from a high summit, but there are risks in going to high altitude, and it’s important to understand these risks. Given time, your body can adapt to the decrease in oxygen molecules at a specific altitude. This process is known as acclimatization and generally takes 1-3 days at that altitude.
How long does acclimatization last?
It varies, but if you were at altitude for a month or more your improved work rates can persist for weeks meaning you still feel fit upon returning to altitude. You still should not ascend faster than normal if you return to sea level for a few days, otherwise you are susceptible to HAPE.
If you have been to 5000m/16,404ft then go down to 3500m / 11,483ft for a few days, returning rapidly to 5000m/16,404ft should cause no problems, i.e. having been to Lobuche and Kala Pattar, and then rested for two days in Namche you should be able to ascend to Gokyo quickly without problems
Sleeping at altitude
Many people have trouble sleeping in a new environment, especially if it changes every day. Altitude adds to the problems. The decrease of oxygen means that some people experience wild dreams with this often happening at around 3000m. Compound this with a few people suffering from headaches or nausea, a couple of toilet visits, a few snorers and periodic breathers, and it takes someone who sleeps like the proverbial log (or very tired trekker) to ignore all the goings on at night in a large dormitory. Smaller rooms are a definite improvement, and tents, although not soundproof are still manage to be relatively peaceful.
Altitude Sickness Information
Individual rates of acclimatization vary enormously but ascending very rapidly and staying there will always result in problems. Altitude sickness often known as Acute Mountain Sickness (A.M.S.) in general may occur when people ascend too quickly normally in altitudes of over 3000 meter. We ensure minimal risk by building in rest days into our trekking itineraries. Most people will feel some affect of altitude, shortness of breath and possibly light headed, which is fairly common. Acute mountain sickness is very different and normally involves a severe headache, sickness and loss of awareness. In almost every potential case there are enough warning signs to take appropriate action.
Our experienced and well trained guides will advise you about any health issues and also altitude sickness while you are on trekking, so you should not worry about it. Before leaving for the trip we suggest to consult with your Medical Doctor and get advice. The following information gives you an idea about high altitude sickness and how to minimize the effects.)
Trekking in Nepal is meant to walk or hike to rural heritages. Along the trails winding up, down, over and around, it takes you through serene villages brooded under the scintillating mountains. So, it is definitely a treasurable experience of lifetime, both, of beholding the hypnotic beauty of nature and meticulously tackling the challenges in the treacherous yet tantalizing mountain regions. Trekking is not mountaineering although some of the popular trails are used by mountaineering expeditions to get to their base camps. Most of the trails you walk on are still used predominantly by Nepali people for everyday travel and trade. So, it is common to meet Nepali porter carrying supply like groceries or lengths of corrugated roofing iron slung from a jute strap (namlo) around the head or a sick relatives being carried in a basket (doko) in the same manner to the nearest medical facility. Trekking is a way of seeing a country and its people ‘warts and all’. You walk through the streets of cities, villages and past the open front doors of houses. At the same time, you see the people at their daily tasks. Often, you witness celestial clouds forming below you while the canopy of magnificent peaks of mountains towering over you. Trekking means you will be involved in a way you could never be in a car, bus, train or aero plane. But, you can enjoy the friendliness of the people; feel the spell of the mountains and their culture.
A trekking trip can be of any length you choose. though, 10 to 15 Days are considered ideal trekking duration, there are a number of short treks around the Kathmandu and Pokhara valleys which only take a day to complete. There are two or three day treks or treks from a week to a month. For those with enough time can combine a number of treks and spend months just walking around.
The trekking company also offer to customize your trekking itinerary further to suit your condition. Nepal is the ultimate destination for trekking and adventure holidays from easy to challenging base camp treks or Adrenaline adventures that may quite often test your physical aptitude. So, step on in Nepal, a trekking paradise where you will enjoy the most spectacular sceneries flipping one after another as you move on the trail.
Tours are often combined with your trekking activities. While you are in Kathmandu, it is worth spending 2-3 days for world heritage sightseeing such as at Swoyambhu Nath ( Monkey Temple), Basantapur Durbar Square ( the freak street), Pashupati, Boudha Nath, Patan city, Bhaktpaur city and Nagarkot.
Similarly, if your are on your way to Annapurna region, it is ideal to extend your tour to Pokhara City, and then further to Lumbini, the birth place of Gautam Buddha. On your way back home, Chitwan National park offers a very relaxing spots. The park has amazingly diversed flora and fauna preserved within the park including rare species like One horned rhino (the best wonder of the park), royal bengal tigers, Alligators, Mars Crocodile and over 4oo species of Birds.
The world’s highest mountain above the mean sea level at 8,848 metres (29,029 ft). It is located in the Himalayas on the Nepal (Sagarmatha Zone)-China (Tibet) border. One of the most popular area for trekking in Nepal. Trek to Everest base camp is mystique derived from its soaring giant, ever panoramic peaks and the extreme adventures of legendary mountaineers. The Everest, situated in the Solu and Khumbu diversified district is justifiably renowned, not only because it encompasses Mount Everest, the world’s highest mountain (8850m), but also because of its exotic Sherpa villages and monasteries, flora and fauna. The main goal of Everest Trekking is to trek to Everest Base camp at an elevation of about 5430 m. trek to Everest Base Camp
Kanchenjunga Region( 8598m)Trekking is the trek to the Base Camp of the world’s third highest mountain of the world in Nepal. The trek takes us soak up spectacular views of the Jannu Himalayas range from the Mirgin La. To visit serene villages on the boarders of Sikkim and Tibet are the stunning landscape of the trek. Kanchenjunga, “Treasure of Snow” (28,198ft) was first climbed by a British team in 1956 AD. Here you can advent awe inspiring Himalayan Trekking, and reap the rewards!
Kanchanjunga, although a limited trekking area as per the Nepal Government permit policy, one of the most remote trekking regions which is situated in Eastern Nepal bordering the Indian state of Sikkim. This area houses Snow Leopard, National bird of Nepal,Musk Deer, Blue Sheep and maybe legendary Yeti. This is less travelled remote area comparing the popular Everest and Annapurna Trekking regions of Nepal.
Lhotse (8,516) is the fourth highest mountain in the world. Its long east-west crest is located immediately south of Mount Everest and the summits of the two mountains are connected by the South Col, a vertical ridge that never drops below 8,000 meters. Lhotse is sometimes mistakenly identified as the south peak of the Everest massif. No serious attention was turned to climbing Lhotse until after Everest had finally been ascended. Lhotse was first climbed in 1956 by two Swiss, Fritz Luchsinger and Ernest Reiss. In addition to the main summit, there are two subsidiary peaks, Lhotse Shar, which is immediately east of the main summit, and Nuptse, a high peak on the mountain’s west ridge.
Makalu (8,463) is the fifth highest mountain in the world. It is an isolated peak, located just 14 miles east of Mount Everest. Its size alone is impressive, but its structure, that of a perfect pyramid with four sharp ridges, make this mountain all the more spectacular.
It has proved to be a challenging climb, as only five of its first sixteen attempts were successful. Previously, it had been admired and studied by several Everest parties, but like so many other giants in Khumbu region, it was not attempted until the summit of Everest had been attained in 1954. A French group first climbed Makalu in year 1955.
Chomo Lonzo (25,650 ft.) is a subsidiary peak of Makalu, rising just north of the higher summit, separated by a narrow saddle.
Cho Oyu (8,201) is the sixth highest mountain in the world, located a short distance to the west from Everest and Lhotse (the fourth highest) in the Khumbu region of Eastern Nepal along the Tibetan border. Its towering peak stands with Everest well above the surrounding mountains. It became a familiar landmark to climbers ascending Everest’s north face. Just west of Cho Oyu is the Nangpa La, a 19,000-foot glacier pass, and the main trade route between the khumbu Sherpas and Tibet. Cho Oyu’s proximity to the Nangpa la has earned it the distinction among some climbers as being the easiest 8,000 meter peak. It was the third such peak climbed, and the first climbed in autumn by two Australian.
Dhaulagiri (8,167), whose name means White Mountain, is the seventh highest mountain in the world. It is an enormous Himalayan massif, located in north central Nepal. After its discovery by the western world in 1808, it replaced Ecuador’s Chimborazo (20,561 ft.) as the postulated highest mountain in the world. It maintained this standing for nearly 30 years, until the discovery of Kanchenjunga, which was then falsely believed to be the world’s highest mountain.
Dhaulagiri’s crest stretches for thirty miles, lending structure to an otherwise tangled topography of twisting ridges, glaciers, and ice falls. Along the main crest, several pyramid-shaped peaks rise. Four of these summits, numbered form east to west, rise above 25,000 feet.
Manasalu (8, 163) is the high peak of the Gorkha massif, and is the eight highest mountains in the world. It is located about 40 miles east of Annapurna, the tenth highest mountain. The mountains long ridges and valley glaciers offer feasible approaches from all directions, and it culminates in a peak that towers steeply above its surroundings landscape, and is dominant features when seen from afar. The name Manaslu is derived from the Sanskrit word Manasa and can be roughly translated as mountain of the spirit. An all-female Japanese expedition successfully ascended to the summit, thereby becoming the first women to climb an 8,000-meter peak.
Annapurna (8,091) is an enormous Himalayan massif, the tenth highest mountain in the world. In 1950, it became the first 8,000 meter mountain to be successfully climbed. It is located east of great gorge cut through the Himalaya by the Kali Gandaki River. The mountain has the glaciers on its western and north western slopes, which drain into this gorge.
Annapurna is a Sanskrit name that can be translated as goddess of harvests or more simply the provider. Of Annapurna’s many highs peaks, five are labeled using some variations of the name Annapurna. Of these, the two highest (Annapurna I and II), stand like bookends at the western and eastern ends of the massif. There are many trekking trails that offers stunning views of Annapurna Range. Annapurna circuit Trekking and Annapurna Base Camp Trekkig are some great ways to get great views of the massifs.
These are the eight highest peaks of Nepal. Nepal is a home to many other smaller peaks which offer exciting Peak Climbing Adventure.
Area: 1325sq. km Established: 1983 and gazetted in 1987 Location: Dhorpatan hunting reserve adjoins Rukum, Myagdi and baglung districts in the Dhaulagiri Himal range in west Nepal. Putha, churn and gurja Himal extend over the northern boundary of the reserve. This is the only hunting reserve in the country, attracting Nepalese and foreign hunters with blue sheep and other game animals. The reserve is divided into six blocks for hunting management purposes. The reserve is characterized by alpine, sub alpine, and high temperate vegetation. Common plant species include fir pine, birch, rhododendron, hemlock, oak juniper and spruce. Pastureland at higher elevations occupies more that 50% of the total area of the reserve. The reserve is one of the prime habitats for blue sheep, a highly coveted trophy. Other animals found there are: leopard, goral, Serow, Himalayan Tahr, Himalayan black bear, barking deer, wild boar, rhesus macaque, langur and mouse hare. Pheasants and partridges are common and their viable population in the reserve permits controlled hunting. Endangered animals in the reserve include musk deer, wolf, red panda, cheer pheasant and Danphe (Lophophorus). Special permits required for hunting.
2. Koshi tappu wildlife reserve
Area: 175sq. km. Established: 1976 Location: Koshi Tappu wildlife reserve lies on the flood plains of the Sapta Koshi in Saptari and Sunsari districts of eastern Nepal. The eastern and western embankments of the River define the reserve. Rapid and complete inundation of the reserve to depths ranging from 10 to 300 cm occurs during the monsoon. The sapta Koshi River also changes its course from one season to another. The vegetation mainly includes tall khar pater grassland with few patches of khair sissoo scrub forest and deciduous mixed Riverine forest. The reserve offers important habitat for a variety of wildlife. The last surviving population (about 100 individuals) of wild buffalo or Arna is found here. Other mammals are the hog deer, wild boar, spotted deer, and blue bull. The reserve also assists the local economy by providing fishing permits and allowing the collection of edible fruits and ferns in season. 280 different species of bids have been recorded in the reserve. These include 20 species of ducks, 2 species of ibises, many storks, egrets, herons and the endangered swamp partridges and Bengal floricans. The Koshi barrage is extremely important as a resting place for migratory birds. Many species recorded here are not seen elsewhere in Nepal. The endangered gharial crocodile and gangetic dolphin have been recorded in the Koshi River.
3. Parsa wild life Reserve
Sabai grass, a commercially important species, grows well along southern face of the Churiya hills. The reserve supports a good population of resident wild elephant, tiger, leopard, sloth bear, gaur, blue bull, and wild dog. Other common animals are Sambar, chital hog deer, barking deer, languor, striped hyena, palm civet and jungle cat. There are nearly 300 species of birds in the reserve. Giant hornbill, peafowl, red jungle fowl, flycatchers and weedpeckers are a few of the other common birds found in the reserve. Many kinds of snakes including king cobra, common cobra, crait, rat snake and python are found in the reserve due to hot tropical climate.
4. Shuklaphanta wildlife reserve
Other wild animals in the reserve are wild elephant, tiger, hispid hare, blue bull, leopard chital, hog deer, and wild boar. A total of 200 species of birds have been recorded in the reserve. Many grassland birds along with the rare Bengal florican can be seen in the phantasm. Marsh mugger, Indian python, monitor lizard and snakes like cobra, krait and snake are recorded in the reserve.
5. Makalu Barun national park
There are 47 varieties of orchids, 67 species of economically valuable medicinal and aromatic plants, 25 of Nepal’s 30 varieties of rhododendron, 19species of bamboo, 15 oaks including arkhoulo, 86 species of fodder trees and 48 species of primrose. Over 400 species of birds have been sighted in the Makalu and Barun area. Two of the species had never been seen else where in Nepal . They are the spotted wren babble and the oklive ground warbler. Wildlife includes the endangered red panda, musk deer, Himalayan black bear, clouded leopard and possibly snow leopard in addition to more substantial populations of goral, Himalayan Tahr, wild boar, barking deer, Himalayan marmot and weasel, common languor monkey and the Serow. The Arun River system contains 84 verities of fish. Some 32000 people inhabit the conservation area.
6. Rara national park
Rara national park(106sq km) is located in North-west Nepal about 371km air distance from Kathmandu. Most of the park area including Lake Rara, lies in Mugu district, a small area adjoins Jumla district of karnali zone. This is the smallest park in Nepal, containing the country’s biggest lake (10.8 sq. km) at an elevation of 2990m. Park elevations range from 2800m to 4030m. The park contains mainly coniferous forest.
The area around the lake is dominated by blue pine, black juniper, west Himalayan spruce, oak, Himalayan cypress and other associated species, at abut 3350m, pine and spruce give way to fir, oak and birch. Deciduous tree species like Indian horse chestnut, walnut and Himalayan popular are also found. A small portion of the park serves as an ideal habitat for musk deer. Other animals found in the park include Himalayan black bear, leopard, goral, himayan Tahr, and wild boar. Snow trout is the only fish species recorded in the lake. Resident gallinaceous birds and migrant waterfowl are of interest to park visitors. The greatcrested grebe, black necked grebe, and red crested pochard are seen during winter. Other common birds are the snowcock, chukor partridge Impeyan pheasant, kalij pheasant, and blood pheasant.
7. Bardia National park
Bardia National park is situated in the mid-far western Terai, east of the Karnali River. It covers 968sq km of land, the largest and most undisturbed wilderness area in the Terai. About 70% of the park is covered with dominantly Sal forest with a balanced mixture of grassland, savanna and Riverine forest.
Approximately 1500 inhabitants of this valley have been resettled elsewhere. Since farming has ceased in the Babai valley, natural vegetation is regenerating, making it an area of prime habitat for wildlife . The park provides excellent habitat for endangered animals like the rhinoceros, wild elephant, tiger swamp deer, black buck, gharial crocodile, marsh mugger crocodile and gangetic dolphin. Endangered birds include the Bengal florican, lesser florican and Sarus crane. More than 30 different mammals, over 200 species of birds, and many snakes, Lizards and fish have been recorded in the park’s forest, grassland and River habitats. A good number of resident and migratory birds are found in the park.
8. Chitwan National Park
There are more than 43 species of mammals in the park. The park is especially renowned for the endangered one- horned rhinoceros, the tiger and the Gharial crocodile along with many other common species of wild animals. It also harbors endangered species such as gaur, wild elephant, four-horned antelope, striped hyena, pangolin, gangetic dolphin, monitor lizard and python. Other animals found in the park include the sambar, chital, hog deer, barking deer, sloth bear, palm civet, languor and rhesus monkey. There are over 450 species of birds in the park. Among the endangered birds are the Bengal florican, giant hornbill, lesser florican, black stork and white stork. Common birds seen in the park include the peafowl, red jungle fowl, and different species of egrets, herons, kingfishers, flycatchers and woodpeckers. The best time for bird watching is March and Deccember. More that 45 species of amphibians and reptiles occur in the park, some of which are the marsh crocodile, cobra, green pit viper and various species of frogs and tortoises. The park is actively engaged in the scientific studies of several species of wild fauna and flora.
The coming of springs bring festive mood in Kathmandu among the Local Newari People. After long cold winter, spring approaches with better hope making the earth more fertile and lively. The winter is time for hibernation and symbolizes death while spring is the time for coming up and symbolizes life. Spring is the time that nature shows its kindest aspect and generously renders life to plants and animals.
As such this is the time for plantation. Therefore, this season is welcomed with celebrations.
According to your arrival time, we can combine your trip with one of the following festival.
# Holi, the festival of color
Holi is celebrated across Nepal for two days. The first day is celebrated in Kathmandu Valley, while in the Terai region it is celebrated on the second day.
As a part of festival, people play with colors. They smear each other with different colors wishing good health and prosperity. The color also represents the lively atmosphere that spring brings in Nepal. The colorful people gather in different squares and streets to enjoy festive songs and dance.
Special venue recommended is at Basantapur Dubar Square in Kathmandu.
# Bisket jatra, the New Year celebration
Bisket festival is celebrated in Bhaktapur city to celebrate New Year. This can be considered as the sequel of Spring Celebration. In the center of the city, a huge Wooden chariot is assembled which is pulled by two groups of people ( upper and lower part) This gives a glimpse of grand tug-of-war competition. When hundreds of participants uproar as they put effort to take the chariot to their side, you are enticed to join the troop.
The chariot is finally taken into an open ground where a tree trunk, symbolizing Serpent, is erected and this marks the New Year in Nepali Calendar
# Thimi sindure jatra
The New Year celebration is carried out in different part of Kathmandu valley in different form. Among them, Sindure Jatra in Thimi Bhaktapur is very unique. To celebrate festival, people?gather in the street to make a musical procession led by special chariot built for their god. In the procession, they smear themselves with Vermillion Powder and their relatives.
#The Rato Machhindranath Rath Jatra
The Rato Machhindranath Rath Jatra is the only festival that lasts for months. Dedicated to the Rain God Machhindranath, this festival takes place in Patan and is supposed to bring rain to the Kathmandu Valley.
The farmers of Kathmandu Valley wait for the monsoon rain to plant their rice crop. A large chariot is made of wood and tied with vines and pulled through the streets of Patan coming to rest at various traditional spots where crowds of devotees arrive to pay homage and lay offerings.
The chariot procession is accompanied by Newar musicians playing traditional folk instruments. This is a Newari festival and the chariot is pulled by Newar youth who follow instructions from a senior who rides on the chariot.
The idol of the red painted Rato Machhindranath deity first goes through a ritual bath and a make-over with fresh paint. When the initial rites are over, the idol is placed on the chariot. As Lord Machhindranath views his devotees from a high seat of his chariot, he receives rice and vermilion powder as offer. The four wheels of the chariot represent the powerful Bhairab the fiercefull incarnation of Shiva,
The chariot is several stories high and with no nuts and bolts to hold it together, it is normally tilting to one side. The collapsing of this chariot is seen as portentous.
After several months of moving through major parts of Patan, it finally comes to rest in Jawalakhel, the more modern section of the city, where a huge crowd gathers to watch the display of an ancient bejeweled vest on Bhoto Jatra. This event is attended by the head of state as well as the Living Goddess Kumari of Patan.
2. AUTUMN FESTIVE TOUR
Majority of People living in Kathmandu Valley are Indigenous Newars. By profession they are farmers. So, its agro based economy is justified by the feast and festival celebrated in autumn. In this season, the farmers feel rich and prosperous with the new harvest ready to store. So, this is the time to rejoice and feed lavishly.
Yes, Kathmandu Valley gets colorful and musical in festive mood. Especially, after the end of long monsoon, the atmosphere becomes wonderfully pleasant. The blue sky, White snowcapped mountains, Green Hills and then gilded pagoda temples give a perfect setting for celebration. You will find them juxtaposed from top to bottom as if in their hierarchy!
In the Kathmandu valley, the local Newars, also known by “Jyapu”, carry out the rituals of festival in a great fervor. They are not only the skill farmer but also the good musician, dancer and festive leader.
We have designed this tour with an objective to help our clients witness and participate in the festival and its social part.
Based on your arrival time, your trip can be combined with any of the following festival in Kathmandu.
# Gai Jatra (July-August)
Gai Jatra is a carnival of dancing, singing, mirth and laughter. Also known as ‘The festival of cow’, it is celebrated in the Kathmandu Valley to commemorate the death of loved ones. As a part of the festival family members of the deceased of the past year send people dressed as cows to parade on the streets.
The festival is celebrated for nine days. However, the family commemorates the deceased member only on the first day. On the rest of the days, the carnivals are mainly meant to merry making and mocking. During the festivals, the streets in the city remain in action with different group of local Newari People dancing with mask and stick.
# Haritalika Teej , the festival of Women (August)
Occurring around the month of August, Teej is a festival celebrated by women all over Nepal for three days. Decked up in red saris and red tika, bangles, women sing and dance with traditional?folk songs for days. It is especially significant for married women, when they get a special invitation to visit their maternal home and feast. Following a long feast also known as Dar, the women, sit for a 24 hour long fasting, where most do not eat or even drink water. What is fascinating is to watch women of all age group, young and old, dance for hours in the heat, rain, without a drop of water or food for an entire day.
It is a sight to behold at the Pashupatinath temple, where thousands of women draped in Red and green throng the premises of the temple. Observers can take photos of these women dancing merrily, where sometimes foreigners, especially women tourists are requested to participate in the merry-making. The significance of such a festival is for women to ask for special blessings by Lord Shiva, to have a good husband in life, and to pray for his longevity and prosperity. On the final day of this three day festival Women satisfy seven saints offering them food, money and various offerings, and also bathing with Red mud and brushing their teeth with Datiwan (branches of a bush tree) hoping this purifies their body and soul.
# IndraJatra in Kathmandu (September)
The eight-day long Indra Jatra festival falls in September and is one of the most exciting and revered festivals of the Newari community of the Kathmandu Valley. This also marks the beginning of a month-long festival season of autumn. It begins with the erection of a wooden pole made of pine at Basantapur Sqaure in front of the old Hanuman Dhoka Palace. For the pole-raising ceremony, hundreds of spectators gather at the Palace Square and on the surrounding temples. The chariot of Kumari, the Living Goddess, is taken out in a procession through the main streets of Kathmandu. Masked dancers known as Lakhay take to the streets almost every evening accompanied by loud drums. The festival commemorates the time when Indra came down from heaven in human form to look for an herb. Each night of Indra Jatra the shrines and ancient palace buildings around Kathmandu Durbar Square are aglow with oil wicks. Each night on the platform in front of the temple of the Living Goddess, there is an enactment depicting the ten earthly incarnations of Lord Vishnu. In the afternoon of the day before full moon, ecstatic mobs gather near Hanuman Dhoka Palace for the long-awaited Living Goddess’ chariot procession to catch a glimpse of the revered little Newari girl who has been deified as Kumari. The chariot of the Kumari followed by two other smaller chariots carrying a representative of Ganesh and Bhairav is taken to different parts of the old Kathmandu. The festival of Indra Jatra ends with the lowering of the (lingam) pole bearing Indra's flag amidst religious ceremonies.
Have glance of Kumari. She is a mascot! Kumari is derived from the Sanskrit word Kaumarya,which means princess. Learn the historical significance of worshiping a girl as a goddess; be a part of the tradition that dates back to the 17th century where two of the world’s oldest religions Hinduism and Buddhism interlink.?
# Dashain festival all over Nepal. (September- October)
This is the longest Hindu festival in Nepal, traditionally celebrated for two weeks with prayers and offerings to Durga, the Universal Mother Goddess. The great harvest festival of Nepal, Dashain is a time for family reunions, exchange of gifts and blessings, elaborate pujas, ritual bathing and animal sacrifices. Dashain honors the Goddess Durga, who was created out of the shakti or energy of all the gods, armed with weapons from each of them. Goddess Durga, symbolizing valor and prowess, is worshipped and offered sacrifices to ensure the devotees' progress and prosperity. During the first ten days, pilgrims flock to various river confluences early in the morning and sacred shrines in the evening.
Ghatasthapana, Phool Pati, Mahaastami, Nawami and Vijaya Dashami are the series of the events under Dashain each marked with a different set of rituals. During Dashain, men and women in their fineries visit their elders to seek tika (a dab of red vermilion mixed with yogurt and rice) accompanied by blessings. Sword precessions (Paayaa) are also held in various part of the Kathmandu Valley. A large number of animals are officially sacrificed at Hanuman Dhoka during Nawami which is attended by officials, invitees and visitors. During the ninth day, the Taleju Temple which is normally out of bounds is also open to the public. The last day, known as Kojagrat Purnima, is the full moon. New clothes, home visits, grand feasts, kite flying and village swings are the highlights of Dashain. Around this time the population of Kathmandu is greatly reduced as many head home to various parts of the country. On the tenth day known as Tika, people are seen moving around with their foreheads covered with rice tika, wearing new clothes. There is much feasting as people visit relatives’ homes to receive tika and blessings.
#Tihar, the festival of Lights (October)
The 5-day festival of lights, known as Tihar honors Yama, the God of Death but the worship of Laxmi, the Goddess of Wealth dominates the festivities. On the first day, the crow, the informant of Yama is worshipped. The second day is for worshipping the dogs as the agent of Yama. On the third day Laxmi is worshipped. The fourth day is for the draught animal, oxen when the Newari community does Mha puja dedicated to oneself. The fifth day is Brothers’ Day when sisters put tika on their brothers’ foreheads and give blessings. This festival is notable for the lighting up of homes with anything from candles, oil-wick lamps and electric lights. Houses all over the country are lit up with extra lights and decorated with garlands. A great view of brightly lit-up Kathmandu city from the Swoyambhunath Stupa is a rare sight. The celebrations begin with the adoration of crows and dogs. Leaf dishes of rice, incense and light are set out for the dark messenger, while dogs are worshipped and offered goodies. During the day known as Laxmi Puja, the Goddess of Wealth, is welcomed to people’s homes by making a path of?footprints leading into the house. All lights are kept on and the doors and windows kept open to let in the goddess. Rows of lamps are placed along windows and doors, with the strong hope that Laxmi, the Goddess of Wealth notices and enters. The day also belongs to the cow that represents Laxmi. Bhai Tika is the day people look forward to. In some communities, sisters and brothers accept tika from each other. Bhai means brother in Nepali. Brothers and sisters honor each other and the sisters pray to Yama, the God of Death, for their brothers' progress, prosperity and longevity. The brothers bring gifts to their sisters and the festival ends with feasting. It is also traditional to go from house to house singing Tihar songs and bestowing blessings, whereupon the residents of the house give money in return. Fireworks also fill the skies despite a government ban on fire-crackers.
Ghentang Gisi Dance – In this dance the local people participate following a very Jumpy music of Ghentang Gisi note. As a part of dance, each carries a stout stick to strike with his/her partner following the beat.
People disguise in hilarious dress up and mask and follow the procession.
The festival lasts for nine days. During the days, every evening till late night, you have chances to watch various traditional dances performed in the open streets and square.
Foreigners are welcome to participate in the dance and merry making carnivals with the local
Gaijatra ( Locally named as "Saparu") is a unique carnival rejoiced in Kathmandu valley by Newari people. On this day people commemorate all those who passed away during the years. The family and relatives go for procession round the city with a cow or the one decorated like a cow (Locally known as "Snacha"). The belief is that the departed soul will be successful in his journey to divinity with the help of holy cow – thus emancipating from the Samsara.
The strange part of the festival is that it teaches people to accept death with gratitude.
The festival was initiated by a Malla king in order to solace his wife who had been in a deep mourning and agony after the death of their son.
Gai Jatra is celebrated with traditional dance and music ( Locally termed as "Ghentang Gisi"). People participate in the processions. They have fun disguising in hilarious attire and mimicry. They also take it an opportunity to satire existing evil parts of the society. The different sarcastic gestures of the festival keeps the people amused for nine consecutive days.
The festival also happens to begin at the time when the farmers are at rest after a month long rice paddy plantation during the monsoon. So, it is also the days for them to take rest. During the festival, they enjoy nine beans soup ( Qwati) and Newari cuisines ( Same Baji).
In other words, Gaijatra festival is an effort to instill the Vedic philosophy that death is inevitable and hence there is no point to moan. Rather, we should overcome it through celebration.
The atheist usually argue who has seen god and goddess ? It is one and only in Nepal that you can witness the real living god and goddess. She is popularly known as Kumari. Yes, visit Basantapur Durbar Sqaure to experience this awe inspiring moment of seeing the living goddess kumari.
The famous Kumari House is situated at the South end of Basantapur Durbar Square. It was built in 1757AD by Jaya Prakash Mall, the last Malla King of Nepal. Built in typical Newari Monastery design, the house has an artistic lattice windows with peacock carved on them. The house enclosed a rectangular courtyard with Buddhist stupa in the center. Here, the devotees and tourists are found waiting to have a glimpse of Kumari. An opportunity to see the Kumari is considered as a mascot.
Kumari, the living goddess is the best testimony of the religious tolerance that prevails in Nepal. While kumari represents the clan goddess of Nepalese Hindu King, the entire rituals is carried out by the Buddhist family. As such, the Kumari girl also has to be strictly from Buddhist "Shakya" family who are believed to be from the family line of Siddhartha Gautama Buddha.
"Kumari" means a virgin girl not yet in age of menstruation. So, as the kumari girl grows over 10 years, the team of priests goes for selecting a new one.
Being kumari means to accept a lot of restriction and rituals. As such, kumari lives in a house specially built for this tradition in 1757 AD. The kumari comes out into the world only once a year to observe local festival Indrajatra. During the festival, Kumari appears in her traditional attire that defines her divinity. Likewise, Kumari has regular life that includes daily Puja, to give blessing to the devotees and to appear once awhile at the Balcony window for the curious Tourists.
It is a great privilege and an honor for the parents to get their daughter selected for Kumari. Despite the fact that this does make the priest's job easy for selecting new Kumari, the procedure itself is not less rigorous because the Kumari is supposed to have 32 auspicious qualities that includes her beautiful eye lashes like of a cow, an attractive look like of princess, long black hair, well proportionate figure and sonorous voice etc. Apart from that, she should be very brave to be alone at Taleju Temple amidst the 108 beheaded water buffalos and goats. She also should have an aura that reflects the mighty goddess Taleju that she embodies.
Since Kumari is worshipped as the manifestation of Taleju or Tulaja Bhavani, she is deeply revered and it is ensured that her every "whims" are fulfilled. Hundreds of local Buddhist and Hindus devotees await to touch her feet and offer gifts. The king himself visits Kumari once a year to touch her feet and get blessed.
The devotees also notice her gestures for the oracular message. When the Gorkha King Prithivi Narrayan Shah invaded Kathmandu in 1768 AD and captured, he immediately went to get blessing from Kumari. Goddess Kumari also blessed him as the new king of Kathmandu. This convinced the citizen that it is the will of Goddess Herself to have a new king for Kathmandu and of course they acquiesced.
There is a common belief that if a kumari marries, her husband will be ill-affected and destined to early death. So, people shun kumari girl to marry. To some extends it makes sense that Kumari is used to getting her every whims fulfilled. This might be a real trouble for her Husband!!!!!
Hindu Cremation ritual is a fascinating Culture. According to the culture, after someone’s death, the body is carried to holy river banks or on to the top of the hills as soon as possible. In a Hindu country like Nepal, each village, city or community has a particular designated spot (especially river bank) for cremation. Among many of such cemeteries, Pashupathi Nath in Kathmandu is considered the holiest of all. This cremation lies on the holy Bagamati River besides Pashupati Nath Temple, the most sacred Hindu pilgrim sites.
Cremation is a way to reduce the body back to the prime elements: earth, water, fire, air and space.
The entire cremation procedures can be observed in Pashupati Nath Temple every day (throughout the days). Therefore, this is a place of attraction for visitors.
The culture can be quite confronting for the western community where burial is not given public exposure. Nevertheless, it is equally a very special moment to witness the ultimate truth.
The cremation ritual is obviously directed by the Hindu philosophy of life and death. In Hindu community, people often take the reference of death to preach the young one for spiritual approach.
Hindus believe in soul. After the death of a person, the soul departs the body and makes another cycle of journey. According to Hindu philosophy, the soul has to dwell in the bodies of 8.4 million different species of lives before it finally gets reborn in the form of human. So, human life is considered the best form of life. Only in this life, it is possible to make effort to get free from “Samsara” (wheel of life) through good karmas (good deeds). In this very life, the Karma of the person will decide whether s/he should take another cycle of life or get emancipation. An emancipated soul will enjoy the grace of union with the Existence (the supper soul).
Once the news of relatives’ death is received, the family members, friends and relatives reach the mourning family for help and to participate in funeral procession.
A person at his eleventh hour is rushed to the holy cemetery. The belief behind this practice is that at the time off death, the soul leaves the body. It is considered holy to take last breath at holy cremation ground rather than at hospital.
“From which part of the body will the soul exit? The best expectation is that after the soul exits from the body, it should enter holy water in the river. Therefore, the body is positioned on the tilted stone slap in a way that the feet touch the holy water. The person is expected to take his last breath in this position. To make the job easy for him, the relatives and family member offer holy water to him/her. Each participant would cup a handful of holy water from the river and trickle it along the right thump into the mouth.
After this, the body is wrapped with holy clothes (white or yellow often with holy chant printed on them).
For Hindu, death is not the end of life but a point to make another journey. Therefore, the relatives wish the journey of departed soul into the heaven. To symbolize this journey, the body is symbolically decorated with cosmetics and holy color and clothes.
After this ritual, the final journey is arranged on a green bamboo stretcher. By then, the funeral pyre is ready which is often piled with vegetable butter, Sandal wood and other aromatic incense sticks.
When the body is placed on the pyre, the head part must be positioned towards North. Gradually, the fire is set beginning from mouth. When the body is burnt into ash it is finally submitted to Holy River.
Who sets fire also is a meaningful case because the eldest son offers the fire for father while the youngest son should do it for mother. In the case of parents who do not have son, their closest relatives can offer the fire who will also be an eligible heir then after. The one who sets the fire also should do Shraddha ( a ritual of offering food to the departed soul) which is done throughout the year can be costly.During mourn, the sons shave their hair/mustache/beard and wear white from head to toe for a year.
Shradha (Offering for departed soul)
Shradha or offering ritual is another important part of cremation culture. This is done several time during the year of death. From the second year, the family do remember their their ancestor once a year often during 16 sacred days that fall in September-October.
The Hindus show deep reverence to the departed sould of their ancestor and make every possible effort to satisfy them through different offering and worship.
The Upper Mustang unveils the hidden world of Mustang – the Legendary Buddhist Kingdom in the hidden valley amidst Himalayas bordering Tibet.
Among several scattered Himalayan community, Lho- Manthang, situated at the elevation of 3840m, is one of the major attraction of this trip.
The region remained restricted to the tourist until 1991, an still requires a special permit for the visit. The whitewashed settlements, surrounded by fields of barley, filled with several impressive small monasteries and colorful prayer flags reflecting the abiding Buddhist culture of the village can be accessed only after passing through incredibly fierce wind and mystical barren landscape.
Nepal is a beautiful country rightfully called a paradise on earth. The enigmatic country boasts its diverse ethnicity, rich culture and awe-inspiring natural beauty. With a wide variety of flora and fauna in the country, Nepal holds some of the rarest species like the one-horned Rhino, the Bengal tiger and the national flower Rhododendron. Nepal is truly a god's playground with stunning landscapes, majestic mountains and mesmerizing lakes.
Here we are listing the most fun and interesting facts about Nepal. The most baffling fact about Nepal is that all of the following happens within the limited area of 147,181 sq. km (56,827 sq. mi).
1. Nepal has 8 out of the world's 14 highest mountains including the Mount Everest.
2. The highest mountain in the world, The Mount Everest is in Nepal. Everest is called Sagarmatha in Nepali which translates to "Forehead of the Sky." In the local Sherpa and Tibetan language, Everest is called Chomolungma, which means "Goddess Mother of the World" The word Everest comes from George Everest, a British surveyor general of the Himalayas.
3. In a span of 100 km going from South to North at any part of Nepal you can experience hot tropical climate to bone chilling Artic type weather.
4. Nepal is the only country with altitudinal variation that ranges from 60 meters to 8848 meters.
5. Nepal boasts the most extreme places on the earth such as the highest lake on the earth (Tilicho 4800 meters), the deepest gorges (1200 meter) in Kaligandaki, the highest valley on earth (Arun valley) and the tallest grassland in the world in Chitwan.
6. Kaligandaki is the river older than the Himalayas. Therefore, it acts as a major ecological dividing line of the whole eastern and western Himalayas.
7. Nepal is a four season destination.
Nepal is called an Amazon of Asia. The hidden treasure of its rich biodiversity is not yet fully explored. Many new species could be discovered from Nepal.
1. Nepal has more than 360 species of Orchid which constitutes over 2% of the world's orchids.
2. Nepal has 8 % of the total species of birds found in the world.
3. Nepal comprises 6% of the world's rhododendron species.
4. Nepal harbors 5980 species of flowering plants which covers 2.4% of the world's total. Over 250 species of the flowering plants are endemic in Nepal (i.e. It is not found elsewhere else in the world.)
5. Nepal has one of the largest concentrations of Royal Bengal Tiger in the world after India and Bangladesh.
6. It is said that Nepal has largest moth in the world (Atlas Moth)
7. Some of the largest wild honeybees are found in Nepal.
8. The only natural breeding ground of the Long Snouted Gharial crocodile exists in Nepalese river.
9. Nepal has nearly 870 species of birds, which arguably more than the whole continent of Europe and North Africa combined.
10. Nepal has 4.2% of the world's butterfly species which is over 650 species of butterflies.
11. Thirty six percent of the world's Meconopsis species "poppy" including Blue Poppies are found in Nepal of which four are endemic, only found in Nepal. In Nepal, one of the Blue poppy grows as high as 5400-meter altitude. This is perhaps one of the highest limits for the poppy to be found in the world.
12. The mysterious creature of the Himalayas called Yeti is said to be spotted in the Nepalese Himalayas by many. Sir Edmund Hillary even led an expedition to find the Yeti in 1958.
13. Second largest population of One-horned Rhino is found in Nepal.
14. Nepal has one of the best habitats for Snow Leopard.
15. SuklaPhanta in West Nepal harbors the world largest herd of Swamp deer.
c) Culture, Lifestyle and pride:
1. Nepal is the birthplace for the Lord Gautam Buddha, the light of Asia. Siddhartha Gautam (Buddha) was born in Kapilvastu, Lumbini which lies in Nepal. Lumbini is a sacred place for Buddhists.
2. Nepal was never under any foreign invasion. Thus Nepal does not have an independent day because Nepal was never colonized. Nepal is also the oldest country in South Asia.
3. Nepal has the densest concentration of World Heritage Sites. Kathmandu valley alone has 7 World Heritage Cultural sites within a radius of 15 kilometers. No wonder Kathmandu is called the living cultural museum of the world.
4. Nepal is the only country with a non-rectangular flag. Nepal's flag is maroon with two triangular shapes stacked on one another with blue border. The upper triangle consists of moon and the lower triangle consists of the sun. The current flag has been in place since 1962 although the basic design has been used for over 2,000 years in Nepal.
5. Cows are sacred in Nepal. Recently turned secular, Nepal still has the highest proportion of Hindus in the world. Cow is considered the national animal of the country. In Nepal, cows are not eaten and it is considered illegal to kill the animal. Due to this fact, it is not uncommon to see a cow wandering around the streets of Kathmandu.
6. Nepal has the only living goddess in the world called Kumari. "Kumari" literally means virgin in Nepali.
7. Nepal displays an incredible religious tolerance where the Buddhist and the Hindus worship together in the same temple.
8. People in Nepal greet one another by saying "Nasmaste" or "Namaskar" with their palms together and bow their forehead. Namaste is directly translated as "I salute the God in you". Like "Namaste" is common in the Hindu influenced culture, "Tashidele" is a common greeting in the culture close to Tibetan culture.
9. Elephant polo game was originated in Meghauli, Nepal. Tiger Tops in Nepal is the headquarters of elephant polo and the site of the World Elephant Polo Championships.
10. Some of the highest permanent human habitat exists in Himalayan region of Nepal.
11. Nepal has recorded over 125 ethnic groups and 123 local dialects so far.
12. Nepal opened its borders in 1949.
1. Over nineteen percent of the total country’s landmass is protected under National Park and Protected Area in Nepal. 2. Shivapuri National Park at Budhanilkantha in Kathmandu is the only World’s National Park close to the capital and international airport.
3. In the last 25 years of conservation work, Nepal has managed to save Blackbuck from extinction, successfully increased the tiger population, and brought back endangered wildlife species such as Gharial, Indian bison, wild buffalo and many others to a healthy and viable population.
4. Chitwan National Park and Everest National Park is listed in World Heritage Site.
5. Multi conceptual park management system was first successfully implemented in Annapurna Area and now ACAP is the world model for conservation and sustainable development.
6. During 70s, there were less than 80 rhinos in Nepal, now Nepal has more than 500 remnants. This is undoubtedly an excellent result in the context of global wildlife conservation record.
1. Nepal boasts few of the world’s most popular trekking trails such as Annapurna Circuit trekking and Everest Base Camp Trek.
2. Nepal is one of the best arenas for Extreme & Adventure Sport tourism such as mountaineering, cannoning, paragliding, mountain biking, kayaking, rafting, bungee jumping, high altitude marathon etc.
3. Karnali in Simikot is one of the best rivers in the world for kayaking and most of the upstream Nepalese rivers offer the best rapids for white-water rafting.
f) Facts about the Himalayas:
1. The word "Himalaya" in Sanskrit means abode of snow.
2. The geological age of the Himalaya is approximately 70 million years. It is the youngest Mountain Range in the world.
3. According to Hindu mythology, God Shiva resides in the Himalaya.
4. NamehaBarwa peak is the easternmost and Nanga Parbat is the westernmost peak of the Himalaya.
5. Kumbhakarna is the new name of mount Jannu (7,710 m).
6. Gosainthan (8046 m) is the Nepali name for ShishaPangma.
7. The ideal height gain per day for mountaineers is 1,000 ft above 10,000 ft.
8. The Himalayas are the source for rivers such as the Indus, the Yangtze and the Ganga-Brahmaputra. All three are the major river systems of the continent of Asia.
9. The Himalayas are the third largest deposit of ice and snow in the world, after Antarctica and the Arctic. There are approximately 15,000 glaciers located throughout the range.
10. The Himalayas are alive geographically! The Indo-Australian plate is still moving at 67 mm per year, and over the next 10 million years it will travel about 1,500 km into Asia.
Stupa, the sacred temple of Buddhist is built in accurate uniformity around the world. While a stupa can be in various sizes, the shape/design must follow the universal pattern. This is because, a stupa carries Buddhist message. Each and every part of the stupa has a symbolic meaning connecting to Buddhist teaching.
Stupa is a Sanskrit word that means “to heap” or “to pile up” and refers to the mound-like shape of the earliest stupas.
The Mahaparinirvana Sutra tells us that it was the Buddha himself who outlined the basic design of the stupa. The story begins at Buddha’s deathbed. When he realized that death was imminent, Buddha gave instructions about the disposition of his body. He said that his body should be cremated and the relics divided up and enclosed in four different monuments. These monuments were to be erected at the following places, marking important milestones in the Buddha’s spiritual journey: at Lumbini, where he was born; at Bodhgaya where he attained Enlightenment; at Sarnath, where he gave his first teaching; and at Kushinagar, where he died, entering parinirvana, or ultimate liberation.
Giving a practical demonstration, he folded his outer yellow robe over and over until it became a rough cube. Then he put his begging bowl over it. These two elements, the square and the dome, are present in every stupa (India), dagoba (Sri Lanka), chorten (Tibet), chedi or pagoda (Burma), t’ap (Korea), ta (China), tarp (Vietnam), thaat (Laos), sotoba (Japan), or chandi (Java).
The stupa, universal throughout Asia, evolved into more than a reliquary monument. It has become an expression of the ideal of Enlightenment. Statues represent the Buddha’s body, Dharma texts his speech. Stupas are representations of the Buddha’s mind. They reveal the path to enlightenment, or how the mind can actualize its full potential and be transformed into enlightenment. Stupas can be seen as an expression of the five elements.
§ Earth, which spreads out in the four directions, provides the solid basis.
§ The dome is the garbha (“womb”), primordial, creative Water – formless potentiality. It is also called the anda, or egg.
§ The conical spire is Fire, which always rises upwards. It represents the wisdom which burns away ignorance.
§ The crescent moon is Air, expansive, waxing and waning (an ancient symbol of the feminine).
§ The circle is Space, wholeness, totality, with no end or beginning.
§ Finally, above the circle is a jewel, which represents a higher state of reality, gone beyond the five elements. It is the ushnisha, present on the crowns of all Buddhas, revealing their perfect, enlightened state. This ascent to perfection is laid out with precision in an Enlightenment stupa.
Parts of Stupa
The Base: The base of Stupa represents Earth
White Dome: The white dome is for water element
Sphire: the sphire has four sides and each sides has a pair of enlightened eyes
A pair of Eyes: The Buddha’s eyes are so mesmerizing that you feel they are looking at you if you look at it. The eyes are in fact looking at the universe in compassion.
Questioning Nose: The nose looks like a question mark. It is indeed a question. The enlightened and compassionate eyes are looking at you with a question “who are You?” Obviously, this is a million Dollar Question. The Buddha’s teaching is focused on the fact that we are not what we think we are. We take our mind and body as our real entity. But, Buddha says, we are never a body or mind. Mind and body is impermanent. In absence of mind and body, what you can realize is the real existence.
13 Rings: The thirteen rings symbolize the ten mystic powers (they are also known as Paramitas or perfection. The ten perfection mentioned in the Buddhism are: Dana, Sila, Nekkhamma, Pana, Viriya, Khanti, Sacca, Adhitthana, Metta, Upekkha) and the three essential types of mindfulness. They also symbolize the thirteen Bhumi.
In other words, the thirteen rings are thirteen stages of mind or thirteen stages of mind that one goes through before attaining enlightenment. Buddhism appeals all the people in the world to know their real existence. The answer to the question “who are you?” can be found through “Sila” ( way of life) and “Dhyan” (meditation).
The top : The top is the position of enlightenment. After accomplishment of 13 different stages comes the top, the Enlightenment. The top most part of stupa contains an Umbrell that symbolizes the victorious state of Enlightment. Similarly, the moon symbolizes the elimination of all sufferings, while the sun symbolizes the radiance of the thousand lights of compassion. The nada (the jewel) symbolizes the realization of all the aspirations.
The Hindu holy men are also known as Sadhu Baba or Baba or Santa or Mahatma etc. They are known for their rigorous ascetic life.
The secret of Babas is something most of the westerners are curious about to know. The Western travelers find it really very confronting to see the Sadhu Babas, also known as Hindu Holy men in Nepal and India.
The Sadhus’ spiritual journey begins from symmetry in persuade of enlightenment. A typical Babas are normally found in naked/semi naked with long deadlocked hair and beard, remarkably painted forehead, pierced ears and number of chains of bead (called Rudrakchhya). The other features could be a long forceps and a vase ( Chimta and Kamandalu) that they carry with while outing for alms. And for accommodation, they managed to adjust in a small hut (Ashram) where they mandatorily set a permanent fire (Dhooni).
Obviously, there are number of myths, assumption and illusions about the significance of their lives. This article is based on the writer’s personal experience (Sat Sang), witnesses and interviews.
Is Cannabis an attraction for people to take this lifestyly?
Roughly, 90% of holy men I met use Cannabis. They are unusually proud of it and claim that they have accepted the holy boon from Lord shiva. Cannabis also is believed to stimulate chakras and help to gain high level of concentration. In Nepal, most Saddhus can offer you Cannabis if you approach in humble way.
When do they become Baba?
It is a different story depending on person to person. Some starts at their early age because they are inborn spiritualist; some follow the lines after twisting tragedy in life while others gradually grow inclined to it out of sheer interest in spiritualism. It means some Babas have family and some don’t have.
Why do they become Baba?
A very simple answer is: in search of meaning of life (the ultimate truth). There are number of people who are distinctly curious to spiritual aspects of life. They are interested to learn what different spiritual teachers (Gurus) talk about life, universe and the existence of life and at the same time spend most of their time pondering on the secret of life- its sorrows and happiness. However, very few of them are consistent and persevere to unbolt their questions. The quest eventually leads to the utter realization of the ultimate truth that EVERYTHING IS IMPERMANENT. The realization has to be so deep and strong that they can renounce the mundane world and adopt the holy life.
Can holy men have family?
Yes. Most holy men have family (Grihasti Jeevan). The philosophy of the Hindu religion insists on successful accomplishment of family life. They have categorized life into four stages – Baal, Ashram, Grihasti and Sanyas (infant, student, family and renouncement). Indeed, a successful family life certifies a person as a successful one. Someone who has failed in organizing family life is unlikely to be successful in rest of things.
Are there some fake holy men?
Very simple! A true holy man is more inclined to giving. Generosity and simplicity is their characteristic. A graceful personality he is, who has nothing to share but unconditional love and peace; who has a compassionate approach to all the living being and leads his own life denying all the attachment to physical comfort – an exemplary of a complete egolessness!
Do all the Babas take Marijuana?
Of course not! Unlike the rumor, most holy men do no use marijuana. It is believed that the use of it can enhance in proper meditation. But, the fact is when one is into meditation; no such addictive stuff is required. Since meditation helps one to detach from the worldly pleasure, the use of marijuana cannot be the feature of Babas.
Where do we find the real Babas?
Diamonds are often hidden in between the coals! The true search of knowledge is possible only when it is possible to dive deep down rather than only floating in the surface. In the same way, an hour or a couple of hours ‘tour may not bless you with the chance to meet the genuine Babas. In the beginning, you may only see easily available ones who are ready to give you poses for photography and ask for a Dollar! But, the gunuine Babas who completely detached from mundane world do starkly contrast to the one who would give you pose for photo. The true babas are the one who live beyond duality and hence attain the level of supreme consciousness. Hari Aum!!!!!!!!!!!!
Where do the real Babas live then?
Definitely, the genuine Babas are never after your Dollar. Instead, they don’t care any show business. But they are definitely available if you are a truth seeker, in search of love and humble to mankind. They live in Ashram often close by cemetery, temple or in the mountain caves. Hundreds and Thousands of Western Tourist visit Pashupati Nath in Kathmandu with the purpose to meet holy men. There are number of holy sadhu residing in the cementery ground of holy Pashupati.
What do the Babas do?
A million dollar question!
Satsang, , Yoga, meditation, be humble and Love to all…………are the activities they do.
Satsang: “Sat” is truth or goodness and Sang is a group. So Satsang means circle of good people. In Satsang, your objective is to find the ultimate goodness that is God himself through good connection with good people. When you are in Satsang, you feel the vibrant of positive feeling. Which helps you to feel the Bhramha, the supreme Soul?
Yoga: The holy men are known for their exquisite skill of Yoga. The experienced Sadhus can do 84 different yoga Postures.
Meditation: They are familiar with Chakra meditation. Our Body has 7 main energy point known as Chakras. The genuine holy men are in practice to activate all the Chakras making it possible to recognize or learn Bhrama (Supreme Soul).
Humbleness and love: The holy men are very generous, compassionate and loving to all living things.
Durbar means palace. Aesthetically, among the three Palace areas in Kathmandu, this is rated as the most enthralling. The palaces was meant for accommodation and temples are juxtaposed in parallel line on the either side of open square. The palace is embellished with magnificent Digu Taleju ( A temple dedicated to th Royal Clan Goddess Taleju) Krishna temple, Bhimsen Temple, Mahadev and Bishnu temple etc. They stand as a testimony of ancient civilization, their expertise in wood carving, stone carving, Newari architecture and an art of expressing their philosophy in symbol (symbolism).
Usually, you will spot this area with full of visitors (both local and International) for admiring the art and in some corner feeding pegions or for leisurely chitchat.
A couple of minutes’ walk to south of Durbar squar is located the Mahabaudha Temple. Built in 14th century, this is a Buddhist Temple made ofBTerracotta. This Shikhar style temple has the face of Buddha on each brick. So, it is also known as Thousand Buddha Temple. In terms of its architecture, the temple is a replica of Saranath Temple in India.
3.Rudra Barna Mahavihar
Close by Mahabaudah is Rudra Barna Mahabihar. The Bihar or Monastry is a museum in itself with score of Buddhist sculpter, animal figures and a Statue of Rana Prime Minister Juddha Shumsher.
Now we walk back to the Palace through bustling market place. After walking a couple of minutes to the other side of the palace is another legendry monument to stun the visitor. Commonly it is called by Golden Temple because the temples inside this Buddhist monastery is cladded with gold plated copper.
The spiritual ambience in the interior of the monastery is so immense that you will hesitate before you click on your camera. But no Worry! Photography is allowed here.
The ritual of the monastery is of 12th century and is still carried out in full swing. As such, only kumar (meaning bachelor, not fully ordained man) is eligible to be appointed as a priest. The place remains busy with Hindu and Buddhist ceremonial rituals. Most importantly, this is still the center for Theravada Buddhist practice. As a regular activities, the monastery organizes Prajyan Paramita Lesson ( one of the thirteen stages to be passed through before getting Buddhahood).
5.Banglamukhi and Sankahmul Ghat (Cemetery)
Walk further down, and we reach another busy temple called Banglamukhi. It is mostly crowded with women in red attire offering holy light and worshipping for good health and prosperous life of their family. The young couples often visit this place in belief that the God will make their love eternal!
6.Visit Bahals on the way from Mahapal to Pulchowk.
Now we are back along narrow alleys leading to core part of settlement. The streets leads to open squares after squares occupied by the local people. They are all built in Monastry design with Stupa in the center.
Without guide you will easily miss this beautiful temple dating back to 15th century. The temple is protected by iron grill. The temple is also beautifully painted with natural colour.
Nar and Phu villages are part of Manang district. Its remoteness justifies the fact that even the neighboring villagers were stunned to know about their existence.
The valleys situated over 4000 thousand meter are still fertile for millet and oat and the alpine Tundra vegetation is appropriate for Yak and Sheep. Life is hard but full of satisfaction. The Buddhist Chorten and Monastery are the testimony of Buddhism in practice. The ultimate goal of life is Nirvana, here too.
Trails are rocky and hard of course but well-trodden by the gentle steps of the monks!
For many, it is hard to believe that there could be human settlement above 4,000 m from sea level amidst the snowcapped mountain. Yet the stranger part is that they make their livelihood from agriculture and animal husbandry. This unbelievable myth is a common fact in Nepal.
Nepal, where the northern board to Tibet is all Himalayans stretching 1414.88 km from west to east is a home for many Nomad Tibetan-origin Himalayan people who find it cozy to make their nest in the valley surrounded bysnowcapped mountains.
To cut it short, a visit to such villages is normally challenging but a true adventure lovers would find it luring as a-must-do holiday in life.
If you are still determined to scroll down to read further, we believe that you are one of those adventurous souls.
Nepal is known as a trekker’s paradise. Thousands of trekkers around the world make their holiday plan to trek in Nepal. Blessed with abundant natural scenery, great ecological diversity and an ancient culture, trekking in Nepal is a wish that many all over the world would like to fulfill at least once in their lifetime. This is of course, aside from the thousands of mountain climbers who have to come to Nepal to conquer some of the high Himalayan peaks includingMount Everest (8,848 m). However, for those not so inclined, but looking for adventure nonetheless, Nepal beckons one and all to come and trek on its fantastic mountain trails and experience varied lifestyles of those who live in the hills and mountains of this small but scenic country.
That said, here are the things you will need for a 10 day trek: jeans or slacks, woolen shirt, woolen sweater, woolen socks, shorts and T shirts, walking shoes, parka, poncho, gloves, hat, towel and toilet kit, sleeping bag, rucksack, water bottle, flashlight and pocket knife. These are the basics; you can depend upon us (Nepal Trek Ways) for tents, mattresses, utensils and mountain expert as your personal guide and Chef in Mountains. Here, then is a list of Nepal’s most popular treks.
Everest Base Camp Trek is the most popular trek in Nepal. The trail leads from the airfield of Lukla through villages and forests and across high suspension bridges. Rest a while at bustling Namche Bazaar. From Tengboche, you will get a close up view of Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse and Ama Dablam. From Gorakhshep, go to Kala Patthar. Above the tree line you will reach Base Camp high on the Khumbu Glacier.
Annapurna base camp trek commences from Nayapul in Pokhara. The sight of golden sunrise from these mountain ranges is an incredible scene. The trail traverses several Gurung and Thakali villages giving you opportunity to explore the rich local culture. As you move forward on the expedition you will pass through deep gorges, rich bamboo and rhododendron forest , narrow forest trails and beautiful mountain vistas before finally arriving at Machhapucchre and Annapurna Base Camp.
Take a scenic Flight or Drive to natural city Pokhara. Drive to Nayapul, start trekking, reach Ghorepani, hike to poonhill for the spectacular sunrise unveiling the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri Himalayan ranges. Then head to Modi River gorges via Tadapani. Then, walk through the bamboo and rhododendron forest. Find yourself in the center of spectacular Mt. Fishtail and Annapurna. The major peaks Annapurna South, Fang, Annapurna, Ganagapurna, Annapurna 3, Machhapuchhare and Hiunchuli, are aligned in a circle of about 10 miles in diameter creating a deep glacier-covered amphitheater in the center.
Annapurna Circuit Trek is a rewarding trek. After driving down to Besisahar, the trail follows the Marsyangdi River. On the way, one is treated to the imposing view of Annapurna II, III and IV on the trail from Pisang to Manang. Snow-white ridges make for a magnificent panorama from the Thorung Pass at 5,416 meters, while down below is the Kali Gandaki Gorge, the world’s deepest gorge. A long descent downhill takes you to Muktinath and Jomsom, renowned for its apple orchards. Next, hike up to Ghorepani where the sunrise and sunsets from Poon Hill are rejuvenating. Then, walk down to Pokhara, where the Macchapucchre Himal towers over the city and its tranquil lake throughout the day.
Mustang Trek takes you to Mustang which has an aura of mysterious romance. Fly to Jomsom via Pokhara. Then, take the trail to Kagbeni. Climbing out of the river valley of Chele, you will come across interesting Tibetan style flat roofed houses, some with sheep horns above doorways, amulets to guard against evil spirits. Onwards to Charang with its rolling fields, willow trees and houses separated from each other by stone walls, and large Chortens and Gompas. Mustang lies at the end of the Kali Gandaki beyond the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri ranges and consists of Lower Mustang, inhabited by people related to the Mananges, whereas, in northern Mustang (the ancient kingdom of Lo) the languages and the customs are of purely Tibetan origin.
Imjatse (Island Peak) Climb (20 days): This is the trek that can claim to have it all – from the high valleys and glaciers of Khumbu to the classic Everest view and the ascent of a Himalayan peak. Fly into Lukla from where begins this unique trek that takes you first to Phakding along the Dudh Koshi, meeting on the way, long lines of yak caravans ferrying trekking equipment and other supplies. Onwards to culturally rich Namche Bazaar, abode of the Sherpas, and Tengboche, with its magnificent view of the mighty Himalayan peaks. Then it’s on to Kala Patthar from where you will get a view of Everest so profound, you will be literally left breathless. The trail carries on to Dingboche and Chhukung and beyond these, along moraine and glaciers streams to Imjatse Base Camp from where you ascend the summit ridge of Imjatse Peak (6,189 meters).
Ghalegaun Village Trek (10 days): Trek through the villages of the honey hunters of Nepal. A pristine area, newly opened up for tourism, the stunning landscape and the gorgeous view of the Annapurna region would be reason enough to make it a favorite trekking destination. But as if that wasn’t enough, one also gets the golden opportunity to mingle with local Gurung families and become part of the local village life. The region is home to the famous honey hunters of Nepal. The trek starts after a drive down to Besisahar, from where the trail leads to Khudi along the Marsyangdi River and then to Ghalegaun from where the sunset-view of Annapurna and Manaslu is simply riveting. Then, trek down to Ghanpokhara and Bhujung with its cascading waterfalls and rhododendron forests before climbing again to Khumre Danda in Pasgaun. The descent down to the Mandi River takes you to Pakhrikot and Thumsikot and then back to Pokhara.
Tourists can book a package holiday to Bhutan through both International and Bhutanese local tour operators. Information is available from travel agencies.
The Royal Government of Bhutan sets minimum selling prices for packages to Bhutan and this must be paid in US dollars prior to arrival in Bhutan.
The minimum tariff for tourist visiting in a group of 3 persons or more are as follows:
High Season Tariff – US$ 250 per person per night halt ( February, March, April, May, August, September, October, November and December).
Low Season Tariff – US$ 200 per person per night halt (January, June, July).
The minimum price includes:
· All internal taxes and charges (including the royalty)
· All Meals
· All travel with a licensed Bhutanese Tour Guide
· All Internal Transport
· Camping Equipment and Haulage for Trekking Tours
The rates given above are applicable per tourist per night halt in Bhutan. On the day of departure, the ‘local agents’ host obligation shall be limited to breakfast only and any extra requirements shall be payable on actual basis.
The rates shall apply uniformly irrespective of locations and the type of accommodation provided/asked for. List of hotels and lodges approved for international tourist accommodation updated from time to time shall be issued by TCB.
Minimum package cost is revised starting 1st January 2012. USD$ 250 per person per night for the months of March, April, May, September, October, and November. And USD$200 per person per night for the months of January, February, June, July, August, and December. For more information please check with TCB.
Individual tourists and smaller groups of less than three persons shall be subject to surcharge, over and above the minimum daily rates applicable, as follows:
Single individual US$ 40 per night
Group of 2 persons US$ 30 per person per night
The 10% agency commission payable to agents abroad shall not be deductible from the surcharge.
The surcharge will not be applicable to representatives of foreign travel agents on business study or promotional visit duly approved and cleared by TCB.
a) With effect from 01/07/2009, the government has revoked the 25% discount on Diplomatic visas.
b) There shall be no charge for CHILDREN up to the age of 5 years. However, those between the ages of 6-12 years accompanied by elders/ guardians shall be given 50% discount on daily rates and 100% discount on Royalty.
c) Full time STUDENTS below the age of 25 years holding valid identity cards from their academic institutions shall also be given a 25% discount on daily rates.
d) A discount of 50% on daily rates shall be given to one person in a group of 11 to 15 people. 100% discount shall be given to one member in a group exceeding 16 persons.
e) 50%discount on Royalty shall be provided from the 9th night and 100% discount on Royalty shall be provided from the 14th night.
f) Visitors availing discounts under Sections A, B & C shall not be eligible for discount under E.
Detailed information on Druk Air flights, tour and trekking programmes, festivals, places of interest, hotels etc can be obtained from the tour operators.
Other than Indian, Bangladeshis and Maldivian nationals, all visitors to Bhutan require a visa; all visas are issued from Thimphu; visas are only issued to tourists booked with a local licensed tour operator, directly or through a foreign travel agent. Applications for tourist visas are submitted by the tour operator. Visa clearance from Thimphu must be obtained before coming to Bhutan. Visa clearance takes at least 10 days to process. Air tickets to Bhutan cannot be purchased without visa clearance. At your point of entry the visa will be stamped in your passport on payment of US$20, two passport photos will also be required. Visas are issued for a 15day period; extensions can be obtained in Thimphu at a cost of Nu.510.
Tour Programmes booked and subsequently cancelled shall be subject to cancellation charges as follows:
· within 30 days of start of programme ~ no charges
· within 21 days ~ 10% of rate
· within 14 days ~ 15% of rate
· within 7 days ~ 30% of rate
· less than 7 days or without notice ~ 50% of rate
· after arrival in Bhutan ~ 100%
There is no charge for delays in arrival and departure because of weather conditions disrupting flights or road blocks. The tourist must however bear the cost of food, accommodation, transportation, and other services required.
Note: INR (Indian Rupees) denominations of 500 and 1000 are not accepted in Bhutan.
Make your dream come true! Achieve the life time experience of this amazing adventure to the Mt. Everest Base camp. We fly early morning to Lukla, start trekkig to Phakdigma the same day. Enjoy the unique ambience in Namche Bazaar. Witness Buddhism in full swing in Tengboche. Visit Everest base camp and Kalapathar. Capture awe inspiring mighty Himalayas and mystic landscape in your memory.
The Everest or Sagarmatha region is one of the most popular areas for trekking in Nepal, with a mystique derived from its soaring giant, ever panoramic peaks and the extreme adventures of legendary mountaineers.
Sagarmatha situated in the Solu and Khumbu diversified district is justifiably renowned, not only because it encompasses Mt. Everest, the world’s highest mountain (8850m), but also because of its exotic Sherpa villages, Buddhist monasteries, flora and fauna etc. The main goal of many Everest treks is the Everest Base Camp at an elevation of about 5430m. You cannot see Everest from the base camp but it’s worthwhile to be in the spot of triumph and tragedy, so we take you for your life time experience and also climb Kala Pattar, a 5555m lap on the southern flank of Pumori (7145m). From Kala Pattar there is a dramatically marvelous view of Mt. Everest after a few minutes ascend.
Best Season: September to late December and February to May Inquire Manirimdu Festival with the Trek in November January For Winter Treks
Duration: 18 (can be customized)
Trekking Days: 14
Maximum Altitude: 5555
Commences At: Lukla
Ends At: Lukla
Neapl trek ways Standard Package @ only USD 1650 per person in two pax group. (can be customized)
Day 01 Arrival in Kathmandu
Day 02 Half day World Heritage Sightseeing in Kathmandu
Day 03 Flight to Lukla Start trek to Phakdingma
Day 04 Trek to Namche
Day 05 Acclimatisation day in Namche/Excursion to Everest View Hotel
Day 06 Trek to Tengboche Day 07 Trek to Dingboche
Day 08 Acclimatisation day in Dingboche/Excursion to Ngazong
Day 09 Trek to Lobuche
Day 10 Trek to Gorakhshep/ Excursion to Everest Base Camp
Day 11 Trek to Pheriche after Early morning climb to Kalapathar
Day 12 Trek to Tengboche
Day 13 A day rest in Tengboche
Day 14 Trek to Monjo Day 15 Trek to Lukla
Day 16 Flight to Kathmandu
Day 17 Leisure in Kathmandu
Day 18 Departure Kathmandu
Notes & inclusion The Trek Cost Includes:
All the International arrival and Departure Transfers
Pre and Post Trek deluxe Star Hotel Accomodation in Kathmandu
Domestic airport Transfers
Flight To/ from Lukla
Half Day Guided Cultural Sightseeing
Comprehensive Trekking Map
Authentic Nepali Welcome Dinner
All the accommodation and full board meals and hot beverages on the trek
Everest Trekking permit and Sagarmatha Conservation entry fee
An English speaking mountain expert as your private Guide and Porter services
Field staff Insurances
Dawn Jackets, Sleeping bag, walking poles, duffel bag, facilitiies on Loan during the trek
Extensive First aid medical kit
Quick Rescue supporting services in case of Emergency
Extra snacks services
Communication services in case of Emergency
Applicable government Taxes
The Trek cost excludes;
All the personal expenses like Alcoholic beverages, Bottled drinks etc.
Nepal is probably the only country where a tourist can literally command a local folk to halt and insist to stay calm to make pictures! It sounds crazy or exaggerated but this is something I have witnessed several times in my hometown Bhaktapur. Hundreds of Thousands of Tourist visit Nepal. Their first priority is to trek in serene mountain and take additional day tour in ancient cities of Kathmandu. For most of the visitors, the main attraction of place remains the old folks, women and children in their traditional attire passing time leisurely in different squares and streets.
Obviously, the simplicity of Nepalese people fascinates everyone. They are so docile that the tourists sometime are tempted to feel superior complex and tend to claim right on them for making pictures or filming. Surprisingly, people don’t mind! Very few people can speak English to ask something in return. Perhaps they deserve some rupees. That’s why many tourists find it reasonable if they would want some rupees.
Now, imagine…. Would it be safe to travel in the country of such people? Definitely there is no reason why it should be unsafe for the foreigners to Travel in Nepal.
First of all, to recognize a guest as a God has been an age old culture and tradition in Nepal. So, most tourists find that the Nepalese Hospitality is enticing. So, this should be enough to assure that when you are in Nepal, you can feel it at home although away from your home because it is possible only in Nepal to find people who always welcome you and serve you with that incredible smile.
One fact perhaps that foreigner might shun to have holiday in Nepal can be due to a decade long civil war. Yes, there was a long moist insurgency. Many people lost their life. Then, there was a massacre in royal family (2001) resulting into long political instability. On the top of it, Nepal was hit by great earthquake of 7.8 Richter scale of magnitude which took lives of nearly 9000 thousand in 2015 April 25. Despite all such tragedies, Nepal could stand back to normal life quite soon. It was possible only because the people living in this land are extremely tolerant and optimistic.
Next reason why Nepal should be safe for tourist is its policy for tourism. Nepal government has been announcing Visit Nepal year time and again. As such, coming 2018 is in pipeline to promote it for Tourism in Nepal. In such environment, tourists are warmly welcomed. In case of any inconvenience reported for any reason is handled with top priority by special tourist police.
Most importantly, there are over two thousand travel and trekking related company in Nepal who possess enough number of intensively trained tour and trekking guide with experienced local porters. It means, during your stay in Nepal, you will be surrounded by responsible representatives of such company.
For access to Nepal, there are over 35 international airways connecting Kathmandu with most major cities in the world. So, the travelers can easily get in and out of this country without any hassles. As a matter of fact, people from Europe, America and Australia can get easy on arrival Visa.
To be proud, there is only negligible number of cases where the tourist are intimidated, misbehaved or cheated.
In conclusion, Nepal is the best, hence can be your next holiday destination. The Natural beauty, weather, Mountains, people and their culture are simply enchanting.
Trekking, for what Nepal is so popular in the world, offers the best opportunity to be in the Himalayas. Everest region, Annapurna region, Langtang route, are most famous among the trekkers while remote restricted area and far western newly opened trekking zone can be equally surrealistic. Along the trails winding up, down, over and around, it takes you through serene villages brooded under the scintillating mountains. It offers you a hypnotic beauty of nature to behold as you meticulously tackle the challenges in the treacherous yet tantalizing mountain regions. Obviously, it is an experience you would cherish in your lifetime, then after.
Some of the popular trails are used by mountaineering expeditions to get to their base camps while most of them are still used predominantly by Nepali people for everyday travel and trade. So, it is common to meet Nepali porter carrying supply like groceries or lengths of corrugated roofing iron slung from a jute strap (Namlo) around the head or a sick relatives being carried in a basket (Doko) in the same manner to the nearest medical facility.
A trekking trip can be of any length you choose. There are a number of short treks around Kathmandu and Pokhara to be traced in one day. Then, there are treks that may take a week to a month as well. For those with enough time can combine a number of treks and spend months just walking around and stopping by local tea houses/ homestays.
Nepal TrekWays Pvt. Ltd, can help you customize a trekking itinerary to suit your needs at an affordable price leaving you free of any confused travelling, bureaucratic or logistic hassles.
Nepal is the ultimate destination for trekking and adventure holidays from easy to challenging base camp treks or Adrenaline adventures that may quite often test your physical aptitude. So, step on in Nepal, a trekking paradise where you will enjoy the most spectacular scenarios flipping one after another as you move on the trail.
“Biskha Jatra” Also known as “Bisket Jatra” festival is celebrated in Bhaktapur city to celebrate New Year. This can be considered as the sequel of Spring Celebration. In the center of the city, a huge Wooden chariot is assembled which is pulled by two groups of people ( upper and lower part of the city) This gives a glimpse of grand tug-of-war competition. When hundreds of participants uproar as they put effort to take the chariot to their side, you are enticed to join the troop.
Pulling of Chariot Ritual
The festival elaborates deep Philosophies of Newari people (the indigenous people of the valley) in a very beautiful way. Among various rituals, pulling of chariot is the most attractive. The chariot is dedicated to the Wrathful deity Bhairab. Bhairab is another fierceful form of Shiva Himself. In the very front of Chariot is placed “Betal” the vehicle of the Bhairab. Betal is synonymous to disorder, wild, random, shameless, merciless and unpredictable act. These qualities represent our human sub-conscious mind where the storms of thoughts (both good and evil) generates.
On the other hand, Bhairab is the Lord of all. He is the creator and controller. He represents wisdom, and a very tough element that can put the Betal (storms of thoughts) under control.
So, the God Bhairab and Betal go in parallel with Two dimension of human mind – Good and Evil. Both good and evil exist in us. It is the Good one that should suppress the evil. So Bhairab is our conscious mind which is wise to decide and control where as Betal is our sub-conscious mind which is always automatic and out of control.
The creaking and swaying chariot lumbers around town, pausing for a huge tug of war between the eastern and western sides of the town. This chariot festival is also connected to many other aspects of the festival. So, after the battle, the chariots head to Khalna Tole, where a huge 25m-high lingam (phallic symbol) is erected in the stone yoni (female genital symbol) base.
“Yosi Dyo” or Yosin God.
“Yosin” is a tree trunk. It can be about 25-30 meter long tree collected from a pine forest closed by the city. This is basically a Phallic symbol that enhances in showing how important is coming of spring for the villagers who are mostly farmers. The erection of Yosin in the stone yoni (female genital symbol) is said to be of the same wrathful Deity Bhairab and Bharabi. The symbolic mating of the Bhairab and Bhairabi is also symbolic to the creation that comes after the beginning of spring. The spring in fact brings life back, make the surrounding green and yielding. This is of course the moment of happiness and time to cheer!!!!
The pulling of Yosin is also often justifiably linked to the Serpents which were slain. The legend tells that two serpents would appear from the nose of princess every night and kill her husband every time she gets married. However, she is finally married once again to a brave and wise prince who remains awoken to find two serpents sliding from the princess’s nose. He slays them then and there. So, to mark this moment, the festival is celebrated where two such Yosins are erected to represent those two serpents. The king who was happy with this result started this festival to be celebrated every year.